The Dutch style of landscape design is rightly called one of the most attractive and contrasting. The combination of strict sheared frames with amazing natural naturalness of filling and pastoral details lead to the fact that Dutch gardens even with a modest size can boast of amazing harmony. Here, thousands of details and techniques are mixed together into a single concept of a romantic and very individual natural garden.
The Dutch style cannot be called equal in popularity to the French, Italian or English areas of landscape design. But the spread of amazing projects carried out with Dutch spontaneity and scrupulousness is increasingly embracing modern gardening. In the Dutch gardens, the best designers of the world draw their inspiration and look for motives for amateur gardeners to design their own site. The charm of the Dutch style lies in a light, cheerful atmosphere and amazing naturalness, which does not prohibit the use of classical garden decoration tools beloved around the world where they seem to have no place.
The Dutch style is one of the underflows of the landscape style, which uses the laws of natural compositions as the basis for the arrangement and landscaping. But with one significant limitation: the only thing that is natural in the Dutch garden is “filling” - decorative ensembles, flower beds, flowers and other compositions. The basics of zoning are based on a regular style, using sheared hedges and green frames. Such a symbiosis of strict form and natural beauty of compositions creates amazing contrasts, which are not so easy to fill with harmony. To do this, in the Dutch style, there are special restrictions on the selection of the color palette and dominant colors, their own chosen techniques and elements. The Dutch style offers a symbiosis of opposites to weave naturalness, which is as if created by nature itself.
Let's get to know more closely the ten main techniques and design elements of the Dutch gardens, without which this style can not do.
Clinker brick as your favorite paving material
Looking at colorful photos of Dutch gardens, traveling on a journey to this amazing Land of Tulips, you should have admired the beauty of the contrast between a typical Dutch clinker brick house and a small pastoral garden near it. But in order to recreate this unique atmosphere, it is not necessary to be the owner of a house with a similar architecture and character. After all, brick brick can be used not only in construction.
This is an excellent material for paving garden paths, arranging a recreation area or terrace, creating borders, stone walls, erecting fences and small fences ... Even using clinker in mixed paving or masonry with other materials, introducing it in a small amount into the design of the garden will recreate that a sense of the typical combination of materials and plants that the Dutch style is so famous for. What is there - even the most modest ribbon along the edge of a lawn or flower garden will achieve the necessary stylistic expressiveness.
Romantic perennials for natural charm
The unique atmosphere of the Dutch style with its natural charm of lush and slightly wild multi-color decorative compositions at first glance captivates with its character and ease. To recreate this feeling of a truly natural garden in the strict framework of sheared hedges is not easy. And to achieve the desired, it is worth betting on the right grassy perennials.
5 favorites of the Dutch style that can be successfully used in garden design in regions with severe winters:
inimitable garden geraniums with their amazing texture of squat bushes, the beauty of carved leaves and a surprisingly expressive game of color nuances that change throughout the garden season;
the king of vertical accents, the delphinium with its noble charm, surprisingly graceful foliage and candlesticks of openwork inflorescences soaring above the compositions;
magnificent and perfectly contrasting with any partners, largely underestimated, but indispensable for a modern landscape garden, a muzzle with its not aggressive, but rather filigree beauty;
the best by unpretentiousness and the most expressive and spectacular in their velvety fringe, silver Byzantine purges, able to conquer the beauty of the leaves to a greater extent than the beauty of inflorescences (although the latter are in perfect harmony with greenery);
amazing beauty of flowering, able to compete with any exotic, digitalis, whose rich palette of pastel colors in different varieties does not prevent it from remaining a plant with surprisingly natural, natural beauty.
Having bet on this five in flower beds and mixborders of the Dutch garden, you will lay the foundation for revealing the principles of gardening of this style.
Rely on watercolor and mystery
Choosing plants that can become the best partners for soloists and excellent soil fillers, those cultures that will not become the main stars of the garden, but will create the basis of any composition, first of all pay attention to cultures that are famous for their almost magical talents. Ferns, aquilegia, lupins - all these plants are ambiguous, possessing a unique aura of mystery.
The catchment, which can look great even in the most secluded corners and even decorate boring areas, is equally good as a plant that fills voids, and as an interesting tool for creating non-standard transitions, and framed for paths. Delicate, shimmering, offering to endlessly discover the beauty of the details of the flower structure and endearing with its versatility, this perennial, along with ferns, has its own unique charm. And it is absolutely indispensable in the design of modern landscape gardens. As well as lupins - exemplary in their watercolor palette and unique in their ability to create picturesque panoramas, perennials that add to any composition not only natural charm, but also color improvisation.
There are never too many bulbs
Holland is the country from which the fashion for bulbous plants began. Even today, planting material from Dutch garden centers is considered the best and absolutely indispensable. And if you want to give Dutch garden charm to your garden, you cannot do without bulbous.
Moreover, to limit the assortment of plants only to legendary tulips with hundreds of their varieties and varieties would be a big mistake. Tulips, indeed, should be used in the design of a garden with Dutch motifs as widely as possible, adding delicate spring colors to any composition, not forgetting about the potted gardens on the terrace or in the recreation area, and about the possibility of creating spots on the lawn. But no less tender spring favorites: meconopsis, daffodils, spring flowers, irises will reveal even more the romantic charm of the natural compositions of the Dutch garden.
If you want to fully appreciate the richness of shades of lilac and violet colors, so beloved by Dutch gardeners, pay your attention to the huge assortment of edible and highly decorative bows. Their soaring openwork spheres and umbrellas, raising flower beds to a new level, not only emphasize the style of design, but also give it completely new nuances.
The main color should be green.
Natural naturalness is largely ensured by the absolute dominance of green in landscaping. And we are not talking about strict boxwood borders around the flower garden or green hedges around the perimeter of the site. To ensure that these typical elements of regular styles blend well with natural lush compositions, do not argue in the garden with flower beds and flowers, in any decorative ensemble in the Dutch garden you must bet on the right color base.
The main color of any composition should be green. It is brought in thanks to decorative and deciduous plants and the choice of such herbaceous perennials in which beautiful greenery is no less important than spectacular flowering. Modest, but hardy and unpretentious, with natural charm, grassy perennials from among partners easily solve this problem. The formula for finding plants for decorating Dutch garden ensembles is very simple: at least 2-3 plants with less catchy flowering but more beautiful leaves should be provided for each lush flowering plant. Regardless of whether it is a purely decorative-deciduous culture or a modest grassy perennial, greenery in its image should still dominate. Cultures with a silver or unusual color of leaves, contrasts in the shape and size of foliage and decorative cereals, which in the Dutch garden will look as appropriate as in any other landscape flow of landscape design, will help to avoid the feeling of monotony and boredom.
Calmness and harmony in the color scheme of flower beds
The selection of the color concept of flowering compositions is carried out taking into account the dominance of green. Flowering plants should be in perfect harmony with the base color, add delicate and soft color spots to the composition. The color scheme of the Dutch garden is always built on cool, soft, natural shades of blue, blue, purple, which are highlighted and highlighted with the help of delicate white tones and light watercolor shades of pink. Yellow-flowering plants are introduced carefully, only in order to rid ensembles of uniformity and add more expressiveness and mystery. But saturated red is rather a rarity for piece-wise accents.
Inspiration in the search for a palette should be sought from nature itself, trying to recreate combinations typical of the natural style in accordance with the overall harmonious design concept. Natural color transitions emphasize a harmonious palette of colors, which best reveals the beauty of the dominant green.
Harmony and naturalness can be achieved by different means.
The absence in the Dutch style of strict design rules and generally accepted motives for arranging flower beds and flowers allows everyone to search for their own strategy for achieving the goal. To recreate an easily recognizable atmosphere in such a garden, you can use the classical techniques for landscape flower gardens, and violate any rules and canons, trying to create unique combinations of plants, which together will still be perceived as harmonious and natural. To create a Dutch garden, it is not necessary to rely solely on perennials from among the so-called typical species for the local flora, almost wild or purely species plants. Indeed, unique varieties and exotics often possess natural charm, which are atypical for a particular climate, but possess a sufficient degree of resistance in order to be grown far from their natural range. Exotics and local endemic, boring and brighter plants, varietal and species can be mixed, as your soul desires. The main thing is that together the natural naturalness and general nature of the composition are not violated.
Unexpected accent - Trees on trellises
Dutch gardens are almost always divided into minimal areas, in a modest free area adjacent to the house. To those who become a happy guest of a garden in a typical small Dutch town, it seems more like a small city garden or a plot near a town house than a typical average summer cottage. A small area limits the use of large-sized tree and shrubs. But thanks to her, another typical feature of all Dutch gardens without exception appeared - the active use of alternative forms of growing decorative and fruit woods.
In the Dutch garden, you can freely experiment with the planting of columnar stone fruits, stretched on the trellises of pears, grapes, blackberries, berry bushes. Usually growing on trellises can significantly save space by abandoning the breakdown of a typical fruit and berry garden. But no less often can be found and trellis linden, and other decorative species. By placing several trellises along the border of the plot or along the walls of a house or other buildings, you will also get the opportunity to increase your collection of your favorite fruit plants and try new technologies for growing your own crop. Even if you do not need to save every centimeter of soil, such plants will allow you to take a fresh look at your capabilities and habits.
Splendor and smooth transitions
In the Dutch garden, the main source of contrasts should be the original counterweight between the strict hedge frames and the compositions themselves. But inside flower beds, flower beds, any other decorative ensembles, regardless of their size, you must try to create as soft lines as possible. In such a garden, it is inappropriate to use classical swings from high soloists to lower surroundings. The height of the plants should change smoothly, the visual peaks of the composition should not go sharply, but as if blurry, in the ensembles should not be allocated explicit dominant vertical accents. The more diverse, wild, natural and homogeneous the ensemble will be, the better. Even flowering shrubs should be introduced into the design so that tall grassy perennials softly brought to them, the contrast between background crops and brighter flowering accents was soft and smooth.
Accessories in any quantity
If you are looking for a landscape design style that would allow you to show all your skills and imagination, would not limit you in any way to finding the possibilities of creating garden decorations with your own hands, then the Dutch style is for you. It was from the gardens of this country of tulips that the fashion came to us to use old garden utensils, remodel unnecessary containers, beat a variety of household items and antiques, actively use ceramic animal figures and other unexpected accessories and decor in the design of the garden.
A small mill or a watering can, as if accidentally forgotten on a flower garden, in which a bright summer tree was planted, a frog hiding under a bush of a fern, a family of funny geese, garden gnomes, a tea service, a new life on the flower garden as a container for planting, a new life of old galvanized buckets and even the installation of ladders and step-ladders, the use of old trolleys, feeders - in the Dutch style everything is appropriate that only makes you smile and gives joy.
You are not afraid to go too far with accessories in such a garden. The more interesting details you can hide in lush compositions with their natural charm, the better. Particularly great opportunities open to those who like to make crafts from wood and love to create decor with their own hands from recycled materials, fans of eco-design and collectors of old household items and garden utensils.