Do you know that tea can be grown at home on the windowsill? Recently, tea has become a popular indoor plant, because the taste of this tea is excellent and there are many benefits from it. If the plant is well looked after, then the tea bushes on your windowsill will delight you all year round with their green cap.
Tea - a drink obtained by brewing, brewing or infusing a leaf of tea bush, or Chinese camellia ( Camellia sinensis ) - plants of the genus Camellia of the Tea family. The species is a member of the genus Camellia ( Camellia ) of the Tea family ( Theaceae ).
It is better to start planting a tea bush in winter. Seeds are soaked for 3 days in water, those seeds that have not sunk to the bottom during this time should not be planted, they most likely will not germinate (or plant them separately from the main batch). We lay out the drainage on the bottom of the pot and fill it with soil (coarse sand in half with soddy soil). Plant a few seeds to a depth of 3 cm. The soil should always be moist, the temperature will be at room temperature, so you can keep a pot of seeds on the windowsill.
Spray the bush with water twice a week. The first shoots appear after 2.5-3 months, so be patient. The first shoots can die, it’s okay, after some time new shoots will appear from the living root system.
In the first year of life, tea usually grows to 20-30 cm. And by 1.5 years, tea can bloom. The aroma of tea flowers is unusual and peculiar. When the tea bush fades, fruits, small nuts will appear on it.
At the age of 3-4 years, the tea bush will need to be transplanted into a large container, in the future, a transplant will be required every 2-3 years.
Tea bush care
To place a tea bush in the apartment should be in a sunny place, but on the hottest days a slight shading is desirable. For successful growth, the plant needs to provide a fairly cool wintering (10–15 ° C).
In summer, put indoor tea to breathe in the air. Also at this time he will need regular and plentiful watering. To do this, it is better to use soft water at room temperature. At the time of bud formation, watering must be reduced. It is recommended to spray the plant several times a week, reducing air humidity during flowering.
If the plant is too long, trim it, the cap of the tea bush is easily formed. Tea can be fed with standard fertilizers for flowers. You need to collect the leaves for brewing before dressing.
From the age of two, the indoor tea bush becomes so lush and rich in foliage that you will be able to treat the household with a drink of hand-grown tea.
The best drink is obtained from apical shoots, pinch off the shoot with two or three leaves, rub branches in your hands - so that the raw material becomes sticky, and the leaves curl into tubes. Put the tea shoots on a tray, wrap tightly with foil and let stand for 15 minutes. Remove the foil and dry the tea raw materials in the oven, at not too high temperature. The finished tea leaves are stored in a tightly sealed container.
In production, making tea from a leaf of a tea bush usually includes:
curing the leaf at a temperature of 32-40 ° C for 4-8 hours, in which the tea leaf loses some moisture and softens;
repeated twisting on rollers, in which part of the juice is released;
enzymatic oxidation, usually called fermentation, which allows the starch contained in the sheet to decompose into sugars and chlorophyll into tannins;
drying at a temperature of 90-95 ° C for black tea and 105 ° C for green tea, stopping oxidation and reducing tea moisture to 3-5%;
cutting (except for whole leaf teas);
sorting by the size of the tea leaves;
additional processing and additions;
Used material from the site ponics.ru , author - Runa.