Many gardeners are wondering. “Why do palm leaves dry?” Let's try to figure it out. In short, the drying of the ends of the leaves in palm trees most often occurs from too dry air, insufficient watering. And they die completely, if very old, from rotting of the roots during overflows or from damage by various pests and pathogens.
Much depends on what light and temperature conditions your plants are in, how you care for them, because some fan palm trees need to be cool in the winter.
Palms of warm rooms - areca, coconut, karyota, chamedorea, acanthophoenix, Robelini phoenix - require high room temperature and air humidity.
Palms of temperate rooms - Hovei (Belmora, Forster), Bonneti coconut, geonom, clinostigma, rapalostilis, rapis, sabal, etc.
Palms of cool rooms - chamerops, brachea, Washington, trachicarpus, etc.
In indoor conditions, palm trees need regular spraying, proper watering, in which the earthen lump should be evenly moistened, which is determined by tapping the pot with clicks from the bottom up. A muffled sound appears if the soil is moist, harsh when it is dry. After watering, water should pour into the pan, which will be absorbed into the ground for an hour. It must be drained or selected with a clean rag. It should be watered with settled water after the soil dries from above in a pot.
Palm trees of tropical origin require moderately warm or warm rooms in winter. Palm trees, whose homeland is subtropics, are best kept in winter in cool rooms. All palms do not tolerate drafts, it is especially necessary to be wary of cold air when airing a room in winter through a window leaf. The roots of palm trees are very sensitive to cold, so pots with palm trees do not put on a cold windowsill or marble floor slabs.
Plants need regular (twice a month in summer and once in winter) top dressing with special liquid fertilizer for palm trees. Look at the bottom of the flowerpots of your palms: did their roots come out and push the roots out of the pot from above? Then they need a transplant to more spacious flowerpots with fresh soil mixtures recommended specifically for palm trees.
The yellowed ends of the leaves must be cut off. However, this should be done without affecting the living green tissue of the leaf and leaving a thin strip of dry cloth, otherwise drying will go further faster and the leaf may be lost. Only completely dry leaves are removed, otherwise others will begin to dry.
A few tips: how to moisten dry air
On a frosty day, do not open the windows wide open in the room with plants. Also note that in most cases the frosty air is dry. Therefore, ventilation does not increase the humidity in the room. It is best to ventilate more often, but little by little.
Tip : At a temperature of about 0 ° C, it is enough to open the windows for 10 minutes every 2-3 hours.
Optimum temperatures: in the living room 20 ° C, in the kitchen and bedroom 16-18 ° C.
Tip : If possible, adjust the temperature in the house not by airing, but with a thermostat.
Natural evaporation of moisture
Hang wet towels on radiators or place next to them cups and other open containers filled with water. Tropical aquatic plants in miniature vases and bowls will further moisturize the air.
Tip : Wash glass vases more often so that algae do not appear on their walls.
A room fountain is more than just a decorative piece of furniture. The sound of gently splashing water calms the nervous system and relieves stress. At the same time, moving, slowly evaporating water positively affects the air condition. The smallest particles of dust are moistened, become heavier and gradually fall to the floor.
Tip : Fountains with containers for planting plants are on sale. Essential oil can be added to the water for the fountain.
Make pleasant for plants in need of high humidity, for example, arrowroot: put it on constantly moistened expanded clay or small pebbles. Evaporating moisture will rise directly to the leaves.
Tip : Put a water level indicator in the pot, then the roots will not suffer from dampness, and the aerial part of the plant will not suffer from dryness.
Tsiperus among indoor plants is unrivaled: depending on its size, it releases 500 ml to 2 liters of moisture per day into the air. For such records, put a bowl filled with water next to it and daily spray its leaves.
Tip : It’s even better to place several plants nearby.
Delicate, like velvet, light green leaves of house sticky, or sparmannia, which under suitable conditions grows to the ceiling, evaporate moisture all year round. Spray water on the top and bottom of the sprinkled water daily. In winter, water very moderately, after making sure that the plant needs watering.
Tip : Be careful if you are allergic. In this case, try not to touch the leaves of sparmannia.
On sale there are a variety of models with a wide range of prices. They evaporate, spray and spray moisture, or evenly distribute it throughout the room by ventilation.
In a heated room, spray the leaves of green plants every morning. It does not take much time, but brings wonderful results. A gentle shower refreshes the plants, allowing their cells to work at full strength, and in addition increases the humidity in the room.
Tip : For spraying, boil water in a large pan and stand it in reserve in large plastic bottles.
A hygrometer installed in each room of the house will let you know exactly how humid or dry the air is. Digital thermohygrometers also show air temperature and time.
Tip : It is very simple to check the degree of humidity with a pine cone. With excessively dry air, its scales open, with excessively wet, they close.