New and unusual varieties of familiar annual flowers
Once these flowers were probably exotic novelties and delighted the public. But over time, bright flyers, which became widespread, as they say, became familiar. Today, not everyone wants to allocate a place in the garden for marigolds, zinnias, and their fellow acquaintances - they look rustic and ordinary. In this article, I invite readers to get acquainted with new unusual varieties of annuals that are familiar to us, which will allow us to take a fresh look at “banal” plants.
New varieties and hybrids still remain as viable and unpretentious as their predecessors, but they look very original. And, perhaps, the efforts of breeders will lead to the fact that many "grandmother" flowers will win new fans and gain a "second youth".
1. Original varieties and hybrids of cosmea
Widely opened multicolor “daisies” of cosmea against the background of cirrus “dill” foliage can be found in almost any front garden and flower garden of multi-storey buildings. This flower is loved due to cheerful cheerful inflorescences (popular name "funny guys"), continuous flowering, the ability to give self-sowing and high vitality with minimal care.
Terry varieties of cosmea
Thanks to the efforts of breeders, terry varieties, as well as rare, unusual cosmic colors and undersized compact forms, began to appear among the numerous varieties of cosmea.
Terry cosmeas now only vaguely resemble ordinary "funny guys." So, cosmos flowers of the Cranberry Double Click variety at half-time are more like small pioneers or carnations. The color of the wavy edges of the petals is deep purple. In full dissolution, a bright yellow contrasting center is exposed in the center of the flower. And in this form, cosmea flowers begin to resemble terry rose hips.
They are given additional originality by the fact that the reverse side of dark raspberry petals has lighter pink colors, and as you dissolve in each flower, you can observe a unique play of shades for each flower.
This variety is tall and reaches a height of 90 centimeters. As well as the usual cosmea, terry cultivars give good self-sowing, however seedlings can have a different degree of terry - from dense double ones, like parental flowers, to simple ones.
Varieties of cosmea with scabio-shaped flowers
Some varieties of cosmea do not have the usual bright yellow reed flowers in the center of the inflorescence and in shape resemble scabiosis or terry coneflower. Flowers of these varieties are smaller than other cultivars, however, the original form makes this plant a welcome guest in flower beds.
Varieties with flowers of a scabio-shaped form are not often found on sale, but sometimes they are found in mixtures (for example, the “Harmony” cosmea mixture).
Cosmos with lemon flowers
Cosmea "Xanthos" - a unique variety that won the Gold Medal at the international competition of decorative plants "Fleroselect 2016". This cosmea was awarded a high award due to the lemon-yellow color of the petals, unique for this type of cosmos.
The height of this cultivar is 60 centimeters, the diameter of the flowers is small (6 centimeters), but flowering is more plentiful than that of large-flowered varieties. Such a discreet color gives the cosmea a natural look, and the flower will look great in mixborders of a natural type.
Compact varieties of cosmea
The high growth of old varieties of cosmea (up to 120 centimeters) is rarely attributed to the advantages of space, therefore, breeders, along with expanding the palette of colors of inflorescences, sought to create plants with undersized compact bushes.
The result of breeding work was the variety 'Casanova', the main advantage of which is considered to be short, aligned, compact and branched bushes a little more than 30 centimeters high.
The variety is represented by four colors: 'Casanova Pink' (pale pink with small burgundy marks at the base of the petals), 'Casanova Violet' (plain raspberry flowers), 'Casanova White' (pure white) and 'Casanova Red' (rare among bardovo cosmos -red shade).
The most widespread cosmea with cirrus foliage and multi-colored daisies belongs to the species of cosmea twice-feathered . But space has another slightly less popular species - sulfur-yellow cosmea , which is distinguished by a wider proportion of carved foliage, as well as bright orange or saturated yellow color of inflorescences.
Among the varieties of this type of cosmea, there are several interesting novelties with compact, low bushes and bright double and semi-double flowers. Variety "Mandarin" differs terry inflorescences of a deep orange color, as well as low homogeneous bushes 25-30 centimeters high.
Another interesting undersized series "Cosmic" also does not exceed a height of 30 centimeters, its bushes are spherical in shape and look great in the container. The diameter of the semi-double flowers is 8-9 centimeters. The series includes three colors: yellow, light orange and orange-red.
If you look closely at the most ordinary marigolds, you can admire the harmony of their velvety terry flowers, deep saturated color and exquisite bends of the petals.
But, alas, the beauty of these flowers, popular in landscaping, has become so mundane that it no longer causes enthusiasm. The high vitality, ease of cultivation, the availability of seeds and a long flowering period also played a cruel joke with these flowers, and the ubiquitous marigolds quickly became boring. Nevertheless, modern marigolds have something to surprise florists, and new varieties and hybrids amaze with the unusual color of the flower and the shape of inflorescences.
Unusual undersized varieties of marigolds
Among the stunted marigolds rejected stands out a unique strain of “Strawberry Blonde” - a novelty in recent years. These chameleon marigolds strike with an unprecedented color transition as the flower dissolves - from dark red, red to raspberry pink through peach and lemon yellow.
Thus, one plant can simultaneously observe flowers of several colors. Due to their abundant flowering and compact well-branched bushes, these marigolds are an excellent choice for hanging baskets, flower beds and balcony drawers.
Original varieties of tall marigolds
Among tall erect marigolds, there are also specimens that can impress not only with their unique color, but also with the incredible shape of the flower. In unusual truly fantastic inflorescences of tagetes “Fantastic Orange” and “Hilbert Stein” it is very difficult to recognize the familiar marigolds, because the flowers of this variety are almost identical to chrysanthemums.
A similar similarity was achieved due to the fact that the narrow reed flowers are twisted to the center of the inflorescences and form a rounded hat. Inflorescences of the Cupid series have a similar shape, in which, in addition to bright orange, there are also lemon yellow and pale orange colors.
Almost white marigolds
Very rare, almost white with a slight lemon tint, are the varieties of erect marigolds such as Vanilla , Eskimo, and The Beatles White Moon . Most often, these cultivars are hybrids and do not pass on their unique coloration to the next generation.
3. Zinnias - the most original varieties and hybrids
The magnificent beauty of terry zinnias has long acquired its loyal fans who are ready to plant these flowers from year to year for more than a decade. But many flower growers consider zinnias to be outdated "grandmother's" flowers, which have no place in the modern garden. Other claims that are often made to zinnias are long, stony, stems with minimal branching.
Modern zinnia varieties and hybrids are more interesting and lack many of the drawbacks of their predecessors. Therefore, it is likely that this flower will survive the second wave of popularity and, in addition to its main role - decorating flower beds, will appear in a new role - a potted plant for balconies and terraces and an annual for a natural mixborder.
Modern undersized varieties of zinnia
Particular attention should be paid to low-growing varieties of zinnia, for example, ZinniaProfusion . This variety series was bred with the participation of narrow-leaved zinnia and has a number of unique characteristics: very low compact bushes (15-30 centimeters high), having strong branching without additional formation, and very plentiful continuous flowering, and the petals change color over time.
The Profusion series presents two types of flowers - densely double-headed (the variety name has the prefix 'Double', for example, 'Profusion Double Fire' ) and simple inflorescences with one row of reed flowers (for example, 'Profusion Apricot' ).
The first option - spherical neat low bushes, covered with many printed spherical inflorescences - ideal for garden flowerpots and balcony drawers. They also look great in carpet flower gardens.
While the latter often appear in an atypical role for zinnias - inhabitants of gardens, and in particular, mixborders in a natural style. Although in container culture and in a traditional flowerbed, they look no less magnificent.
Nevertheless, their modest low-key beauty, close to the appearance of wild wildflowers, is very inclined to include these zinnias in natural compositions. The most harmonious in natural mixborders will look pale orange, white and yellow colors available in this series.
Also, two types of inflorescences (classic bushy and simple, or semi-double) are represented by the undersized series “Zahara” ( Zahara ). Distinctive features of this variety: resistance to fading tinting, as well as the presence among the colors of the original two-tone colors. For example, white with a raspberry center 'Zahara Starlight Rose' and orange with yellow tips 'Zahara Sunburst' .
The height of the Zakhara variety series is from 30 to 50 centimeters.
Tall zinnias of unusual colors
But classic tall zinnias can gain new fans, thanks to the appearance of varieties with an unusual color or shape of a flower. For example, zinnia scabiosa ( Candy Mix mix ), looks very original. Its inflorescences are really very similar to scabiosis or to some varieties of echinacea, thanks to the rounded raised cap in the center of the inflorescences.
No less interesting is the “shaggy” cactus-shaped zinnia with narrow, slightly disheveled petals, and the pom-pom, which has medium-sized, densely-sized, ball-like heads.
Unique colors of zinnia, such as lime-green (Isabelina zinnia) or variegated, when the petals are dotted with elegant chaotic splashes and strokes ( Lollipop mix) , are also noteworthy .
4. Calendula (marigold medicinal) and its unusual varieties
Most often, for the first time, calendula in the garden is planted as a medicinal plant with a wide application profile both internally and externally. Some gardeners also often sow these plants between rows, as they believe in their ability to protect plants from diseases and pests. After that, this unpretentious annual, due to the ability to self-seeding, settles in the garden for a long time and here and there it blossoms its bright orange flowers, which often remain unattended.
Breeders did a good job on this everyday flower, creating amazing thick-varietal varieties, having seen which, it’s very difficult not to get the urge to settle the calendula in your flower garden.
The lush inflorescences of some varieties are somewhat reminiscent of chrysanthemums (Calendula Radio with narrow needle petals), while others are similar to scabioses or echinacea (Calendula Kabluna ).
The unexpected colors of some varieties are pleasantly surprising, which although they vary within the yellow-orange color scheme, they have shades unusual for calendula, for example, gently lemon ( Citrongelb variety), Calendula Sunrise with orange-pink-peach petals and dark center, or Calendula "Sunny sunset" - fawn with expressive notches along the edges of the petals.
Most varieties of calendula, like the natural species, have an average height of up to 60 centimeters. And among modern varieties, there are also undersized forms, in particular, the Pygmy series does not grow above 15 centimeters in height and also has densely doubled flowers.
There is no consensus as to whether varietal calendula is a medicinal plant, as its more modest progenitor. Most likely, as a result of the selection of the most terry and large-flowered specimens, the medicinal properties were partially lost. Therefore, for medicinal purposes it is still better to use the natural look.
Terry calendula, as well as simple, gives a very plentiful self-sowing, but seedlings usually do not retain their color and a high degree of terry.
Who does not know this bright funny annual with original flowers of a fancy form? For different peoples, this flower bears different names, someone calls it “dogs”, and someone “biting dragons”, and the botanical name of the flower is “antirrinum” translated as “like a nose”.
This cold-resistant annual is very popular not only due to its bright, memorable appearance, but also due to its very abundant flowering (in the autumn the plants remain in bloom even after small frosts). In addition, antirrinum is very unpretentious and drought tolerant. Given the high cold resistance, it can be sown directly in the soil or seedlings for earlier flowering.
The classic snapdragon has multi-flowered spike-shaped inflorescences, consisting of flowers of a characteristic fused shape. As a result of hybridization, breeders managed to achieve the fact that snapdragons appeared varieties with wide-open flowers with an unbroken middle. Such flowers are simple and double and do not look like dogs, but rather resemble tiny roses or azaleas.
Terry flowers dissolve two hybrid lines. The first appeared a series of snapdragons "Madame Butterfly." These are powerful tall plants (up to 90 centimeters) that need support. The flowers are large, densely diverse in various colors. Most often, this hybrid is used for cutting.
Another, later, terry series “Twin” is more suitable for carpet beds and container gardening. In this hybrid series, it is very difficult to recognize the familiar snapdragon.
The Twinney line forms compact, very low (up to 25 centimeters) bushes that have strong independent branching from a very young age. During flowering, the plant is densely covered with numerous flowers of various colors: burgundy, yellow, white, pink.
Also in the series there are three original colors:
“Twinny Appleblossom” - petals with delicate transitions from white to pink with a lemon center;
"Twinny Bronze"(Twinny Bronze Shades) , having a very complex color, combining orange, bronze, pinkish and yellow stains, smoothly flowing into each other;
“Twinny Peach” - petals painted in pink, peach and yellow.
In addition, this variety has a very pleasant smell, and each color has its own unique aroma.