A broken heart, a flower of the heart - these are the names of the diacenter for the original shape of her heart-shaped flowers, as if split in half. But despite its original form, in care it is absolutely unpretentious, and also, which is very important, it can grow in shaded places, more precisely, in partial shade. This is a perennial herb from 30 cm to 1 m in height.
Dicentra flowers are like hearts pierced by an arrow, or medallions hanging with tassels on thin, slightly drooping horn-shaped peduncles. At each touch, they wave, resembling small bells. Bloom from bottom to top. Their color is also original - bright pink with a white “drop”. The dicenter can bloom twice: in May-July and August-September. To prolong the flowering period, usually lasting 30-40 days, faded brushes are removed.
By the way, in some countries, the locker is also called “locks and keys” and “lyre flower” for the shape of her flowers. And the name "dicenter", which came to us from the Greek language, was formed from the words "two spurs." It attracts not only with flowers, but also with gentle bluish-green openwork leaves that retain their beauty until autumn.
The dicenter is almost not affected by diseases and pests. It can be used as a tapeworm, in mixed plantings, shady flower beds, borders. And the inflorescences are suitable for cutting and stand in vases for a long time. To do this, it is better to take inflorescences with buds that bloom quickly in the water.
The plant is unpretentious to the soil, perfectly takes root on nutritious, light, well-drained, moderately moist. If the soil dries up, the dicenter stops blooming, and the leaves die off prematurely. In damp places, the roots may rot. In the shade, the plant blooms later than in sunny places, but the flowering period in this case is longer. The landing site should be calm. Young plants are susceptible to frost, although the dicenter is generally winter-hardy.
Care consists in regular weeding, loosening and moderate watering. In one place, it can grow for many years, but so that flowering is lush and long, plantings are periodically fed with humus or superphosphate. But it’s better to divide and replant the bushes every 3-4 years. In autumn, after flowering, cut off the remains of the aerial parts of the plant, leaving hemp 3-5 cm.
They propagate to the dicenter more often vegetatively. For this, in the early spring, in the middle of summer or in the fall, rhizomes are separated with a sharp knife. Each delenka should have 3-4 kidneys with roots. Division is carried out carefully so as not to damage the delicate roots. In order for the bush to be more magnificent, 2-3 divisions are planted in each hole. Dig a landing hole to a depth of at least 40 cm and provide good drainage. The distance between plants should be 50 cm.
Sometimes the dicenter is propagated by cuttings, and even less often from seeds, since they are practically not tied. For cuttings, young shoots 10-15 cm long are prepared and immediately planted in a permanent place in light, moist soil, and even better, in a greenhouse, immediately shading. The soil must be constantly moistened.
And this plant is suitable for distillation indoors. To do this, in August, after the death of the leaves, rhizomes are dug up and planted in flowerpots. Put them in a dark, cold room with a temperature of 1-2 degrees. Over the entire storage period, rhizomes do not allow overdrying. From November to spring, the plant can be put up for distillation. The flowerpot is placed in a bright place and begin to water. Soon the dicenter will “wake up” and blossom. After it fades, the flowerpot with rhizome is again put into the basement for "rest".
When working with a dicenter, it should be remembered that its roots contain toxic substances, so all manipulations must be carried out with gloves.