This plant attracts with its many original flowers-tubes, seeming smoldering cigarettes, for which the cafe is called a cigarette plant or cigarette holder. The lush bush of kufei with an abundance of leaves is a wonderful background for other plants in the composition.
Description of Kafei
These are Mexican plants with a Greek name. The name, however, is quite prosaic. Kyphos translates as "bent over, crooked." The fruits of kufey are really slightly curved. In Central and South America, there are up to 200 species of kufey.
There are annuals among them, reaching almost a meter high, there are undersized shrubs and shrubs. The latter are popular in Europe as ornamental plants.
They bloom, starting in March, as soon as the sun shines brighter, and until October - when its light fades. Kufuy bushes grow quite quickly, they must be nipped, trimmed and transplanted regularly, otherwise the decorativeness of plants is significantly reduced.
Abroad, this feature is successfully used, planting coffees for the summer in large street vases and concrete containers along with different flyers.
Annual species of Cuphea in the homeland is grown to produce seeds - a source of fatty acids, including laurel, which can not be avoided in the production of shampoos. And how decorative these plants are little known, and only in recent decades, breeders seriously engaged in them.
In almost all species, flowers with six unequal petals - the top two are significantly larger than the other four. And those who like the riot of colors and large flowers are unlikely to see anything remarkable in them. Modest coffees - for lovers of exoticism and meditation. Or for owners of cats and dogs: through a bed with tall coffees do not get into an unceremonious pet - they are unlikely to like the numerous sticky shoots.
The name of the cafeteria (Kyphos - “bent, crooked”) is due to the shape of the seeds.
Kufuyu seeds - curved discs, greenish-brown, up to 3 mm in diameter, light (1 g about 300 pcs.), Germinate in 5-7 days. During germination, a sticky substance is secreted, and if they lie close to each other, they form something resembling a cake, from which it is difficult to pull out a single seed.
The seeds are photosensitive - they germinate faster in the light, so they should not be planted, just gently push them into the soil. The optimum temperature for seed germination is 20–22 ° C. In low light, seedlings are pulled, as they say, right before our eyes. They need to be dived into deep containers or into ordinary pots and drawers, but slightly inclined. For the reasons described above, seedlings should literally allocate a place under the sun, otherwise you will later have to pour soil under the cotyledonous leaves so that the plants do not fall when watering.
Seedlings are planted in late May - early June, you can a little deeper than she sat in a box. Special care is not required - take care only that the plants are not damaged by late frosts, and timely weed out.
Rich or moderately fertile soils, regular watering (infrequent, but plentiful), fertilizing with complex fertilizers - that's all these plants need. A bright place is preferable, but a little shaded is also suitable. Only moist corners of the garden are not suitable, where there is no air movement and powdery mildew can attack the leaves of kufey.
The cultivation of coffees
Temperature. Maintain the room temperature in the house, in winter at least 5 ° C.
Lighting. A bright sunny room is required. In the fresh air, plants should be placed in the open sun, but in a place protected from the winds.
Watering and top dressing. It is watered often and abundantly in spring and summer, in the fall they reduce watering, bringing it to a minimum in winter. In the spring and summer, every 2 weeks, as a top dressing, add full mineral fertilizer in the amount of 20 g per bucket to the water for irrigation.
Care. Remove wilted flowers and inflorescences, as well as damaged parts of the plant. During dormancy, until the vegetation resumes (at the end of winter), the branches are shortened by 1/3 to stimulate the growth of new shoots. If you do not grow a caffeine every year from seeds, then in May annually transplanted. The soil should be fertile and well-drained with a pH of about 6; when planting make organic fertilizers. When growing in a pot, a substrate prepared from sterilized soil (50%), neutral peat (25%) and sand (25%) is used, 40 g of mineral fertilizer are added to a bucket of soil.
Reproduction. Not too lignified cuttings root in the spring at a soil temperature of at least 20 ° C. Sowing is carried out in April-March in containers with seed soil. Seeds are not sprinkled on top of the ground. Both vegetative propagation and propagation by seeds require a certain air temperature of -18 ... -22 ° C. Rooted cuttings and new seedlings obtained from seeds are planted several in pots. Later they pinch them 2-3 times.
Diseases and pests. Spots on the leaves and rotting of the shoots and the root neck are provoked by various fungi and gray rot. Treat plants with fungicides and anti-rot preparations. Nematodes hit the roots. Their appearance can only be prevented using uncontaminated soil, otherwise it is necessary to remove the diseased plant. Iron deficiency manifests itself in yellowing of leaves. Use suitable soil and fertilize with iron chelates.
Types of Kafei
Kofeya Pale - Сuphea pallida
The scientific classification of the Koufey genus has not yet been fully developed, so there are many names denoting the same plant. Often this leads to confusion. C. pallida is one such example. No botanical reference book has such a name, and the plant exists and is widely used in floriculture. Its shoots grow in different directions and form a dense, compact bush on which countless small flowers of wine-red color develop.
The kafea pale looks equally effective in containers and in hanging baskets. It is easily propagated by stem cuttings, which are cut and root in the fall, starting in September. The specimens growing from them begin to bloom in June next year. The buds continue to open even when freezing begins. Only more severe frosts destroy plants.
Koufeia hyssopolistic - Сuphea hyssopifolia
This small plant, originating from Mexico and Guatemala, loves heat, although it tolerates rainy and windy weather.
It has the appearance of a compact bush, usually not exceeding 50 cm in height. The cafeteria seems to be specially designed for planting in containers in patios and on balconies. It is easily propagated by stem cuttings, so in garden centers it can be found in large numbers in mid-May. Rooting cuttings begin three months earlier. At the cafeteria, the flowers are small, but there are a lot of them, and the flowering period lasts all summer.
There are forms with white, pink or lilac coloring of corollas. The plant should be placed in the warmest place of the garden or balcony. In autumn, the bushes are brought into a bright, cool room (with a temperature of at least 5 ° C), where it can be wintered safely or thrown away, and the next year they will acquire new specimens.
Kupheya lanceolate - Сuphea lanceolata
A lovely, fast-growing annual plant. The flowers are dark purple tubular up to 3 cm long, collected in unilateral rare inflorescences-ears. Bloom from the end of July. Plants 70-90 cm high, with purple, heavily pubescent soft hairs stems. The stems look like whips. Leaves are lanceolate, light green. Propagated by seeds. In 1 g of 200-250 seeds. To get 100 plants, you need 1 g of seeds.
The most common variety is 'Purpurea'.
Plants develop tall (up to 80 cm) erect shoots, plentifully covered with leaves, and spectacular flowers of an unusual, exotic form, since two petals carrying dark purple spots are directed vertically upward. On their surface, lighter veins are clearly distinguishable. The rest of the flower is painted, as a rule, in raspberry color. Plants planted in a warm place protected from cold winds bloom very plentifully. They should be protected from direct sunlight. They develop best in light partial shade.
Kuffey fiery red - Сuphea ignea
This type of kufei has long been grown as a popular houseplant. However, it can be used to design flower gardens in the open. It develops in the form of a low compact bush on which tubular flowers resembling cigars appear. Corollas have a bright red color, against which a white spot and a purple pharynx stand out in contrast. Koufeya looks great not only in the flower garden, but also in large containers placed in the courtyard. Plants can not be taken out before the end of May, as they are very thermophilic. They also need abundant watering, especially if they are exposed to direct sunlight.
Despite the fact that the fiery red cafeteria is easily propagated by stem cuttings, which are rooted in late summer and then stored indoors, it is easier to grow it as an annual crop. Seeds are sown indoors in March-April. In 1 g of 700-750 seeds. To obtain 100 plants, you need 0.5 g. From the time of sowing to the beginning of flowering, three months pass, so in May young plants already begin to bloom. However, they should not be taken outside until the beginning of June.
Seeds can be sown in May directly in the open ground. In this case, the cafeteria will bloom from August until the onset of frost. The cultural variation of the fiery red koofey 'Coan' (see photo) has corners of brick red and creamy white colors, while 'Dynamite' is distinguished by a very early formation of flowers in a rich red tone. Both forms have the appearance of compact neat bushes with a height of not more than 30 cm.
Cafe "Burning Bonfire" - Сuphea miniata 'Firefly'
This is an interspecific hybrid of kufei liaveya (C. llavea) and open (C. procumbens), which received an independent name. Its most popular variation is the 'Firefly', which is distinguished by the fiery red color of the flowers. The original ampel annual, forming magnificent cascades of flowers all summer. It can be grown with equal success in borders and in containers. This cafe is well combined with other plants that have flowers of dull dark red tones. The bushes reach a height of 30 cm and can be used in compositions on flower beds to create bright spots. It is extremely popular in Europe, but so far we have a rarity.
Koufea open - Сuphea procumbens
These are original small annual plants with a height of about 40 cm. The stems are highly branched and spread on the ground. The leaves are dark green. The flowers are lilac, sometimes purple or white. Bloom from mid-July. Propagated by seeds. In 1 g of 300-350 seeds. To get 100 plants, you need 1 g of seeds.
This magnificent plant can only be admired in the botanical garden, since its seeds are almost impossible to acquire. However, growing it is no more difficult than other types of coffees. Seeds are sown indoors in March-April or directly into the open ground in May. Plants develop very quickly and with early planting bloom in late June and bloom until September.