The leading position in the ranking of the popularity of ornamental shrubs is occupied by Barberry Amursky for useful fruits, high fruiting, good taste and unpretentious care. Every year, the number of fans of this luxurious and healing plant is growing rapidly. The culture is grown as a supplier of delicious berries, for aesthetic purposes, to create shaded corners and live fences.
Description of Barberry Amursky
The Barberry of Amur is a deciduous deciduous shrub of the Barberry family. The plant can reach a height of up to 2 meters. The shrub forms straight, slightly branched, upright and ribbed branches, painted in yellow, which turn gray by autumn. The plant is decorated with obovate or elliptic leaves, arranged in bunches on shortened shoots. The length of the leaf plate is 12 cm and the width is 5 cm. The bright color of the leaves attracts attention: in summer they have a light green color, and in the fall they acquire a purple, dark red hue.
The plant has spines with a yellowish color and a length of up to 3 cm. Inflorescences are racemose, up to 10 cm long, consisting of 10–25 drooping flowers, painted in a pale yellow color and characterized by a strong aroma. Berries of Barberry Amursky are bright red in color, ellipsoidal in shape, 1 cm long. The fruits are dry, sour in taste. The photo of Barberry Amursky is truly mesmerizing.
The plant pleases with its flowering for 3 weeks. The fruits are sung in August – October. Harvesting can be carried out in late autumn - in November.
With its healing ability, the perennial thorny shrub Barberry Amursky owes its unique chemical composition, therefore, funds based on it can be used as an auxiliary treatment for many diseases to increase the effect. The use of the plant is determined by the fact that Barberry Amursky:
- belongs to the pharmacological group of anti-inflammatory and sedative herbal medicines;
- used as a bactericidal, hemostatic and antipyretic;
- has a choleretic and diuretic effect;
- helps to increase appetite;
- It is used in cooking, as the bitter taste of the fruit makes Barberry Amur universal seasoning for sauces, meat and fish dishes.
As raw materials for treatment, roots, bark, leaves, flowers, berries of the prickly shrub Barberry Amursky are used. Medicinal products are prepared from them in the form of infusion, decoction, tea, oil, each of which is endowed with healing power and has found application in the healing of various diseases.
The healing properties of the perennial shrub Barberry Amursky:
- a decoction made from the bark and roots of a plant treats diseases of the respiratory system, tuberculosis, pneumonia, malaria;
- the infusion of crushed roots has a therapeutic effect in rheumatism, arthritis;
- tincture based on Barberry Amursky is used in obstetric practice, in the postpartum period with bleeding and with endometritis at the time of menopause;
- decoctions help improve a person’s condition in case of impaired renal function, bladder pathology, cystitis, urethritis;
- teas from the fruits of the plant are used as an anti-zingotic agent, as well as with gallstone disease, impaired motor activity of the bile duct, hepatitis;
- substances located in the roots, cortex and leaves of the perennial spiny shrub Barberry Amursky are considered effective helpers in pathologies of the cardiovascular system, and also lower blood pressure indicators;
- for intestinal infections and digestive disorders, use tinctures or decoctions of Barberry Amursky, contributing to the rapid restoration of microflora.
- It is a component of creams intended for the treatment of skin diseases, and oil extracts and infusions help to cure eczema and frostbite.
Advice! Such a wide range of useful properties makes the perennial spiny shrub Barberry Amursky an indispensable drug that should be in every home medicine cabinet.
Planting and care of the bush of Barberry Amursky
The favorable period for planting the perennial thorny bush of Barberry Amursky is spring, autumn. Before planting, you need to find out where the plant grows and bears fruit well, as well as how to properly organize crop care.
Preparation of a seedling and a landing site
High-quality planting material is a determining factor in the planting of Barberry Amursky, since full, prolific bushes will not grow from weak seedlings affected by pests and diseases. Therefore, seedlings should be characterized by a strong and strong root system without obvious defects.
When choosing a place for planting, one must take into account both the aesthetic appearance of the garden plot and the needs of the plant for its normal growth and development.
Barberry Amur is very demanding on location, heat and moisture. Therefore, preference should be given to spacious, sunny places, not shaded, but protected from drafts. As well as the perennial spiny shrub Barberry Amursky does not respond well to the proximity of groundwater and stagnant moisture, so it is advisable to plant it on a slope. The culture does not suffer from a lack of organic substances in the soil, but with excessive acidity above pH 7.5, care should be taken to make limestone or dolomite flour.
Before planting the perennial thorny bush of Barberry Amursky, it is important to prepare a hole in advance. For bushes not older than 3 years of age, the diameter of the planting hole should be 25 cm and the depth 25-30 cm. Under the seedlings aged 4 to 7 years, a recess should be made with a diameter and depth of 50 cm. If the crop is planted in order to create a living hedges, you will need a trench 40 cm deep and wide.
After the landing pit is organized, a nutrient mixture is required to fill it, which should contain humus, sand and loose garden soil in equal proportions.
Proper planting is a guarantee of the successful development and comfortable existence of the perennial thorny bush of Barberry Amursky, so the following procedure should be followed:
- Prepare a planting hole and lower the seedling so that the neck of the root is underground at a depth of 3 cm.
- When planting a hedge, the distance between planting units should be observed, which should be 30–40 cm.
- Compact the earth around the bush and pour into a near-stem circle about one bucket of warm water.
- At the end of the planting process, mulch the soil using sawdust or leaves.
Ornamental trees and shrubs of Barberry Amursky planted on the garden site will bring a lot of gifts: joy to the eyes, clean air to the lungs and the bliss of taste buds.
Watering and feeding
Watering is necessary once a week. And at the moment of shoot growth, ovary formation, fruit ripening, the bushes of the Barberry of Amur may feel the need for moisture. So that the soil is moist, especially in the dry season, it is necessary to increase the number of irrigations.
Barberry Amursky is responsive to good nutrition, which can serve as mineral and organic nutrition. You can feed in the second year after planting. After each fertilizer application, mulch the soil with a mixture of peat and rotted manure. This will help to better absorb fertilizers, and also protect the perennial shrub Barberry Amur from weed growth and retain moisture.
Every year, it is necessary to trim the bush of the Barberry of Amur, removing weak and poorly developed shoots. In the spring, old bushes are recommended to thin out. When forming hedges, pruning should be carried out in the second year after planting, while cutting off half of the ground part. In the future, cut 2 times a year: in June and in August.
With the advent of autumn, preparations for the winter of all garden plants, including the perennial shrub of Barberry Amursky, will start. First you need to clean up the trunk circles:
- remove garbage and dig the soil under the bush;
- to feed using humus or compost;
- carry out sanitary pruning;
- mulch with loose peat or dried leaves.
Young bushes of the Barberry of Amur under the age of 5 are very sensitive to winter cold, so they must be covered with lapnik before the onset of the first frost. The large thorny bushes can be tied with a rope, a lattice box can be built around, into which dry leaves are filled, and wrapped with agrofibre from above.
Attention! It is important not to rush into the shelter of the prickly shrub Barberry Amursky and not to use film for these purposes, since at the time of the thaw in the hermetically sealed space condensate will form, which will destroy the bushes when the temperature drops.
Amursky barberry is perfectly propagated by cuttings, layering and seeds. The best option for a beginner gardener is to buy a seedling, since reproduction using seeds will take a lot of time.
To propagate the plant with a cuttings, it must be carefully cut, planted in fertile soil, watered and wait until the roots are formed. Then transfer to a permanent place in open soil.
When propagating by layering, it is necessary to pin the shoot to the ground and spud with moist earth. The soil needs to be moistened until the cuttings take root. And also Barberry Amur can be propagated by dividing the bush. This will not only allow you to get planting material, but will also help rejuvenate the plant and maintain its intensive development. To do this, the bush must be carefully removed from the ground, divided and planted. In this case, the perennial spiny shrub Barberry Amursky will quickly take root and begin to bear fruit.
Diseases and Pests
Barberry Amur is susceptible to various diseases that affect the quality of the crop and the life expectancy of the plant. It is important to timely detect and identify the disease and take appropriate measures. The most common disease is powdery mildew, which is manifested by powdery coating on the leaves, shoots and fruits.
For better protection against diseases of the bush of Barberry Amursky, the necessary procedures should be performed. First, remove dead foliage, cut off dried shoots, and secondly, systematically carry out preventive treatment with a solution of colloidal sulfur, sulfur-lime mixture. And remember about nourishing the root system with nutrients.
Perennial spiny shrub Barberry Amur can be attacked by pests, namely barberry aphid, flower moth. In order for the plant to be not the center of the accumulation of insects, protective operations must be carried out. In spring and autumn, clean and burn fallen leaves. Regularly inspect the Barberry of Amur and if pests are found, urgently begin to fight them, resorting to mechanical and chemical methods of getting rid of various insects.
Amursky Barberry has earned popularity due to the beautiful shape of the bush, large leaves, abundant flowering and fruiting. It was not for nothing that landscape designers chose this perennial thorny shrub to create hedges and borders in the garden.