Ecotrends in the arrangement of gardens are becoming increasingly popular. Decisions that are made with respect for nature and the recognition of our own responsibility for the preservation of the environment always pay off handsomely. The choice of materials, technologies, options for arranging, recycling raw materials (materials) or revising the possibilities of their application open up new opportunities and completely unexpected prospects. The eco-house does not stand still: every year the world captures more and more ideas to help make your garden more environmentally friendly.
As a rule, those who are looking for an ecological solution to at least a small problem and choose natural arrangement options even in “little things” can no longer give up the desire to make their garden as friendly to nature as possible and follows the eco-mode always and in everything. After all, such decisions, taken on a whim or consciously, over time, more and more fully reveal their potential. From the choice of fertilizers to a more thorough selection of finishing and paving materials, biotechnology and ecodesign always pay for themselves.
Recently, the trends in the development of ecodesign from simple "building" ideas have been moving to rethinking the possibilities of arranging individual garden objects in a new way, replacing conventional technologies with rational renewable resources. In the search for environmentally sound solutions, they look at the very essence of the problem and revise the basics of design.
Thanks to the changed approach to these issues, the possibilities of decorating gardens have expanded significantly. And as an alternative to the usual solutions for any garden, regardless of its style and size, you can find interesting ideas that will change our life and the world around us for the better. Let's get acquainted with the most fashionable trends in the arrangement of environmentally sound gardens.
Today, special garden lanterns that accumulate the energy of the sun during the day, and in the evenings help to illuminate the garden - are not uncommon. And the price of such lamps will delight any gardener: they do an excellent job of saving resources and money.
In order for such lanterns to fulfill their role fully, they must be installed correctly. Place the lanterns not in pairs opposite each other, but in a zigzag, as close to the edges of the tracks as possible so that the light falls in the evening on the cover and, as it were, illuminates the adjacent plantings from the inside. But you shouldn’t limit yourself to the paths only: place half of the lamps in each decorative composition, near the most winning plants, so that in the evening their appearance in soft light gives the garden more attractiveness, and maybe captivating.
Instead of the usual supports for vines - sculptures made of solar panels
Even if you just look at renewable energy technologies and are not going to equip the roof of a house or other buildings with solar installations, then you can still use solar panels on the site very rationally.
Today, along with conventional panels, the market for renewable resources is actively replenished with solar-powered sculptures - pyramids, obelisks, "cubes" or poles that accumulate solar energy, and with the advent of dusk, they turn on and light up the garden. Unlike small flashlights, such pyramids are not only able to create a fairly intense backlight, but also generate electricity, which can be used for other purposes.
The solution to the problem of forest destruction and reducing the area of the “lungs of the planet” also depends on us. Today, the fashion for using recycled wood at least in landscape design has reached us. Of course, there is no talk of the availability of convenient and versatile warehouses where you could buy recyclables and choose a tree to your liking, giving new life to old, but still suitable wood. But much simpler options are available to everyone:
the use of pallets and wooden partners (they can be obtained both for free and bought in building supermarkets or hypermarkets);
analysis of scaffolding and the use of their boards;
the use of the remnants of boards and beams left after construction work or the demolition of old buildings;
helping neighbors or acquaintances who have accumulated "garbage" - lumber or recyclables - in determining the use of the latter.
You can use them in different ways. The easiest option is to enclose the garden with a fence or a wooden wall. But old boards and boards will be suitable for fencing beds, paving paths and platforms, and even for the construction of supports and pergolas, screens, boxes under flower beds. And those who like tinkering will surely find many interesting projects for the independent manufacture of garden furniture.
We forget about concrete thanks to dry masonry and gabion walls
Concrete and artificial stone are materials that have no place in an environmentally sound garden. Technologies for paving, building, strengthening slopes are chosen from among simpler, but also much more durable masonry methods. Dry masonry and a modern, albeit revived method of using gabions - eco-trends that should be used in any garden.
The reliability of dry walls over time surpasses any structure using concrete. After all, such walls do not interfere with air and water exchange, effectively hold the soil without creating an impenetrable fence. But if in the construction of dry walls you need to be able to correctly calculate the angle of inclination, but you are still limited at the maximum height, then even the highest embankments can be constructed with gabions and even the most difficult gardens to be laid out on terraces.
Gabions can be filled with recycled materials, and not just “brand new” boulders, gravel, pebbles or gravel. After all, old gravel, removed from the coatings or having lost its decorative stone, will fulfill the function by no means worse than new ones.
Your fertilizers are always the best
Ecological gardening is impossible without competent waste processing and the creation of your own fertilizers - compost, stock of green fertilizers and plant infusions. It is better to hide such purely functional objects not behind landings, but behind objects intended for similar purposes.
So, compost pits or cabinets can easily be masked with beautiful containers and waste bins, in which it will be convenient to store the waste intended for processing and use - vegetable and degradable household waste. Having collected all the objects in one place, you can easily think about additional decoration, and save yourself from the extra cost of effort and energy.
We change decorative reservoirs for irrigation
Purely decorative ponds, like any water bodies and water bodies, in principle, are the decoration and heart of any site. But if you want to use the full potential of your garden and rely on the competent use of resources, then instead of over-decorating, put a completely different one at the forefront. For any garden, one pond is enough, and it is better to combine all the functions at once - recreational, ecological, and irrigation.
The pond as a source for the irrigation system and a collector of water at the site will solve many problems. Convenient walkways or a canopy, a cozy terrace, laconic decor and planting nearby will help to create a beautiful and unusual water body without losing its usefulness. And the use of natural filters, laying open gutters and gutters with cascades, will not even give up waterfalls and streams.
Instead of artificial filters - natural planting
Water filtration systems for pools, baths or simple decorative ponds, as well as for creating a system for the secondary use of water on the site, are now offered in a wide variety of assortments. But no special equipment will ever replace the capabilities of nature itself. Today, special plantings are increasingly seen as a great alternative to conventional filters. For those who want not a single drop of water to be wasted, natural filters can help solve the problem of purifying “gray” water no worse than chemicals.
Shallow water and wetland plants contribute to the improvement of ponds and improve water quality. Their talents for processing organics and suppressing pathogens can be used for other purposes. Natural filters in the form of thickets from aquatic plants are built in places of water flow in front of the water collectors or as a decorative step-barrier in front of the reservoir.
Passing through such a plant barrier, the water is slowly cleansed and becomes recyclable. The simplest (and most effective) version of processing through natural filters is reed beds surrounded by a dry wall.
No separate planting - mix the plants all together
The latest trend of ecological fashion, which draws inspiration from mix design, calls for mixing plants of different purposes and completely erasing the boundaries between a decorative and fruit garden, a garden and a flower garden. Plant fruit trees interspersed with shrubs, safely add medicinal and spicy herbs to borders, vegetables to flower beds, replace the lawn with Moorish and add perennials actively propagating by self-sowing (such as lupins and digitalis, poppy and aquilegia).
In a word, create objects in which there is a little bit of everything and use every centimeter of soil. Beautifully flowering and wild, useful and designed for cutting - there are no plants that could not be mixed with each other, if only the same conditions were suitable for them. This technique has several obvious advantages:
attracting more beneficial insects and animals;
rational use of space;
the disadvantages of some plants are compensated by the attractiveness of their partners;
a garden and a fruit garden do not require large expenditures and resources, and a decorative garden brings, besides, considerable benefits.