Ants by their industriousness deserve respect, but it also prevents them from quietly reproducing and living. In order to feed an adult working individual with relatives (working ant), he is obliged (genetically laid) to look for and bring home food day and night. It is on this feature that the model of extermination of anthills is built.
Work on the destruction of ants must be carried out in a complex from early spring to frost, sometimes taking even the dark. The most common ways:
chemical insecticide destruction,
It may be a little unusual, but the number of colonies will decrease significantly if you destroy aphids. By the way, you do not need to completely get rid of ants. In their place will come new, more adapted pests. Aphids - the main "herd" supplying "sweet milk" - fall to the voracious larvae of ants.
Duration of egg maturation lasts 35 days, larvae - 7 days and pupae - 23 days. The larvae have a lifespan of 7 days and pass into the pupal stage, which ceases to eat. These 7 days are the weakest link in the ant colony. They strenuously supply food to the larvae. If larvae are poisoned during this period, the colony may not regenerate.
So, for successful removal of ants from the site, you can do the following procedures with large colonies:
In late autumn and early spring it is imperative to whitewash the bushes and skeletal branches of garden crops with a thick solution of freshly slaked lime with the addition of any poisonous substance . With this technique, you will destroy the ants dragging your precious cargo from the trees to the anthill for wintering.
Around the shrubs, stepping back from the base, scattering the ash thickly with a ring can be mixed with lime . Lime for ants is poisonous.
Around the middle of the stem (40-80 cm), fasten the hunting belts by treating them with insecticidal agents . So that the ants could not crawl over the barrier, lubricate the stand along the perimeter with special slowly drying glue (buy in the store). They will not be able to overcome the glue barrier and will perish along with the dear burden. Hunting belts can also be used in the spring-summer period (October and March), periodically replacing them with fresh ones.
Simultaneously with the hunting belts for 8 consecutive days, digging a colony of ants to a depth of 3-8 cm, etching them in the evening (when the ants return home), pouring the anthills on the boiled ones with hot boiling water, preferably with a hot decoction of tomato tops (literally boiling).
You can dig and cover with a mixture of ash and lime or ash and salt, or treat with a mixture of ash and soda.
A good result is obtained if you fill the anthill with a mixture of water and kerosene (100-200 ml per 10 liters of water), digging it deeper.
Daily treatment for 8 days will allow you to destroy the larvae, part of adult ants, and possibly the "queen", eggs, pupae. Such treatments must be carried out systematically throughout the year, and the ants will leave the inhospitable cottage. Ants love peace and settle in places where the soil is not subjected to frequent tedding, that is, they do not dig, stones, weeds, etc. are not removed. If you farm without digging, then surface treatment of the top 10 cm soil layer is required. Take a look under a long-lying stone or cardboard, a board and you will see a bunch of ant eggs with nannies right on the surface of the earth.
Plantations along the perimeter of the dacha, individual beds, under the crown of trees and, especially, between the berry bushes of tansy, parsley, mint, valerian, wormwood, lavender, and garlic can serve as proactive preventive measures against the settlement of ants.
From personal experience : garlic in the rows of strawberries / strawberries and between berry bushes saved areas of the berry from ants and at the same time from some fungal diseases.
Chemical Methods of Ant Fighting
Each owner of a private compound seeks to get environmentally friendly products. Therefore, the use of chemicals in the country is undesirable. But in the case of application, it is necessary to extremely accurately implement the recommendations on the processing of plants and the waiting time during which the drug is detoxified and will not accumulate in the crop.
Of the chemicals, diazinon is highly effective. Systemic insecticide from the group of organophosphorus. It enters through the roots and leaves along with nutrients into the plant for a certain period (at least 30 days) and becomes toxic to insects and humans. Bringing poisonous food, caring ants will independently etch not only voracious larvae, but also other groups of ants (warriors, watchmen, nannies, etc.).
Chemists for households on the basis of diazinon developed drugs "Anteater" and "Muratsid", and a number of other drugs. They are available in the form of a solution and granules, with Muratsid in conjunction with a food bait. These are poisons of neuroparalytic action. Preparations process the soil during sowing or transplanting seedlings. During the warm season, the top layer of the anthill is removed and clusters of ant colonies are treated. The preparations are very simple to use, do not accumulate in the form of toxic residues in the soil and do not circulate in the environment. Since the preparations are poisonous, the treatment of the garden and the garden is carried out in protective clothing, observing all measures to maintain health and preventing animals and birds from being treated soil. Work with pesticides must be strictly according to the recommendations.
Folk remedies against ants
Ants have 2 drawbacks: they do not know how to overcome water barriers and move away from objects with sharp edges.
Experienced gardeners around the stands of trees arrange a water barrier of halves of tires. Cut them into two halves along and in one place across. They add it, leaving 3-5 cm of tire above the ground. The cross section is sealed and water is filled, it is possible with kerosene, with a decoction of tops and other ingredients. Ants will not get on the tree, which means they will lose food and leave.
Around the tree trunk at a height of 30-40 cm , a skirt with protruding sharp edges is made of foil . Sharp objects ants fear. Crawling to a sharp edge, they break down and do not fall into aphid colonies on garden crops. Of course, these methods are not a panacea, but help reduce the number of anthills in the garden. At the same time, they are fighting aphids (required). Aphids will leave, and ants will leave.
Ants love peace, so they always leave places that violate their inner world. This is used by summer residents. Annual digging of the soil with the introduction of unpleasant substances into the anthill, expels them from the site.
Garden and domestic ants antagonists of forest brothers. In the forest, find an ant heap and put in a dense bag the top layer of the earth with adult ants, and at home sprinkle them on a garden anthill. Garden ants will lose the war and leave the site, while the forest ants themselves will try to return to the forest in 1-2 weeks (in any case, outside the cottage).
Of other folk remedies, gardeners and gardeners recommend various herbal decoctions and compositions. An interesting reception was suggested by one of the gardeners. In a 10 liter bucket of water add 1 liter of table vinegar and 2 cups of shampoo and vegetable oil. In the center of the anthill, make a hole deeper with a stake and blow the well-mixed composition through the spray gun into the hole. Cover the entire anthill with a black film or other opaque material. In a couple of days, some of the ants will die, and the rest will leave the site. This technique will work best if the anthill is not in the center of the site, but near the edge. The surviving ants go beyond it, and not to another place in the garden.
The neighbors in the country collected ragged arrows from garlic, frayed them to enhance the smell and partially insisted in water . Then several agitated anthills were poured with a solution, and several were thrown with frayed arrows. The ants have gone, but how far is unknown. Maybe just to a new place in the garden, or maybe they left the site.
Having studied the habits of ants, the structure of their colonies, defeating the "enemy" and getting rid of ants is not difficult. But so that they do not return, preventive measures must be taken constantly. They come from everywhere, and it is impossible to get rid of ants forever with one-time tricks.