Boxwood at home in a pot - ideal for fans of evergreens. A beautiful ornamental shrub is suitable not only for open ground, but also for cropping, and in many ways, caring for home boxwood becomes easier.
Is it possible to keep boxwood in an apartment
Boxwood is an unpretentious evergreen shrub that adapts well to room maintenance in a pot. As a rule, the height of such a houseplant does not exceed 60-100 cm, it is rare to transplant a shrub, since it grows very slowly. The photo of a home boxwood shows that in the interior the shrub looks very attractive - the dark green crown lends itself well to forming, and a potted plant can decorate any room.
Boxwood in a pot has some features, for example, it does not bloom in home growing conditions. However, even in the absence of flowering, boxwood at home in a pot will grow very beautiful. In addition, it purifies the air and eliminates the harmful bacteria present in it, thereby improving the home atmosphere.
Attention! Since boxwood leaves and shoots contain toxic substances, you need to grow it in a pot at home in those rooms where small children and pets are denied access.
What types of boxwood are suitable for home
For growing in a pot, it is recommended to buy varieties of shrubs designed specifically for indoor breeding. As a rule, they are notable for their low maximum growth, high crown density and resistance to strong trimmings. You can list several species that grow well in small tubs indoors.
Small-leaved boxwood (Buxusmicrophylla)
Shrub with a small but very dense crown, consisting of leaves of 2-2.5 cm each. The plant grows slowly, holds its decorative form well and rarely requires a shaping haircut.
Box Balearic (Buxusbalearica)
Shrub with large and patterned leaves of bright green color. Known for its very formal decorative appearance, it grows rather quickly, but this allows fans of evergreens to experiment more often with the silhouette of a bush.
Caucasian boxwood (Buxuscolchica)
Slow-growing shrub with a lifespan of up to 500 years or more. The leaves of the shrub are round-oblong, ovate, wrapping at the edges. The Caucasian boxwood is very thermophilic, and therefore suitable for growing in a pot much better than for planting in open ground.
Boxwood Compact (Buxusmicrophylla Compacta)
A dwarf plant about 30 cm tall, with very small leaves of only 1 cm each and a dense crown. The mini-shrub grows very slowly, and takes up little space, so it is well suited for home decor.
As for the ordinary evergreen boxwood, or Buxussempervirens, it can also be planted in pots - the species adapts well to indoor cultivation. But caring for ordinary boxwood will be more difficult than for dwarf and hybrid species, the plant is sensitive to growing conditions and, at the slightest error, discards leaves and loses decorativeness.
Features of growing boxwood in a pot
A shrub in a pot can become a real decoration of the home interior, it looks good both in groups and alone, it becomes a bright accent in the room, refreshes and enlivens the room. But in order for the green shrub to be truly decorative and elegant, it is necessary to comply with all the requirements for growing in a pot and follow the rules of home care for indoor boxwood.
- Evergreen indoor shrub requires good stable lighting. Exposing it to direct sunlight is not recommended, but boxwood and a thick shadow will not work in the same way. It is best to place it near the southern, eastern or western windows in the area of diffused daylight. Natural light for a shrub in a pot is strictly required - the bush does not perceive artificial lighting, and it cannot replace sunlight.
- Boxwood needs fresh air, so you will have to ventilate the room as often as possible. This has a beneficial effect on the growth of the bush, in conditions of good access of oxygen, it becomes less capricious and sensitive. In summer, boxwood is often put in pots on the street - in the courtyard of a private house, on a balcony, a loggia or a terrace, while ensuring a slight shading.
- When caring for boxwood in a pot, it must be remembered that it needs high humidity, excessive dryness harms it. Providing the necessary conditions is quite simple - you need to regularly spray the bush. It is necessary to pay attention to spraying not only in the dry summer, but also in the autumn-winter period due to central heating, the air humidity in the apartments often drops significantly.
As for the temperature, the boxwood in the pot feels best in the conditions of 23-25 ° C. The shrub does not tolerate heat, so in the summer you need to often ventilate the room in which the pot is standing, and additionally moisten the air. In spring and autumn, a strong temperature drop of up to 12 ° C is permissible. As for winter time, + 5-10 ° С will become the ideal temperature regime, and if it is impossible to create such conditions - 12-16 ° С.
Important! In winter, both too high and too low temperatures are equally detrimental to the shrubbery in the pot; violation of the temperature regime has a bad effect on growth and decorativeness.
Pot Boxwood Care
Caring for boxwood in a pot is not very difficult, but requires attention. It is important to take care of the quality of the soil and the frequency of watering the plant, as well as timely decorative pruning.
What land is needed to plant boxwood in a pot
The shrub is undemanding to the soil during home cultivation in a pot; universal soil and mixtures for ornamental deciduous crops are suitable for it. The main condition when choosing soil for boxwood at home is the friability and air permeability of the soil. With independent preparation of the substrate, you can mix turf soil, sand and sheet soil in the proportions of 4: 1: 2.
In the nutritious soil in a pot, boxwood grows very well, however, many lovers of indoor plants deliberately deplete the soil for shrubs. The fact is that in sparse soil the plant produces shorter shoots, and the crown thickens, for decorative purposes this is only good.
Watering and feeding home boxwood
An evergreen shrub in a pot negatively affects both excessive moisture and lack of moisture. Therefore, it is important to maintain balance when watering - the substrate should always remain slightly moist, but not swampy. It is recommended to water the shrub so that in the breaks only the upper part of the soil has time to dry out, in winter the intervals between watering are increased.
Water for the shrubbery in a pot needs to be defended before irrigation, and it is even better to keep the container in a lit place so that the water is slightly tepid. It is possible to spray the shrub with cold water, but it is also recommended that the liquid be defended for 1-2 days in advance.
Both in open ground and in a pot, the plant needs regular top dressing. Typically, for young plants, fertilizers are applied once every 2 weeks, and for adults - once a month, and it is only necessary to supply the plant with fertilizers during the period from March to August.
The shrub in the pot perceives the usual universal mixture. But if you wish, you can feed it with special fertilizers for evergreen rhododendrons, the composition of such top dressings is perfectly balanced.
Cropping and shaping
Pruning is one of the most important elements of care and growing boxwood in the apartment. It is regular trimming that allows you to give the bush the desired decorative shape and turn it into an element of home design.
- Trimming bushes is taken from spring to early autumn. Young plants are best trimmed in early July, and if the boxwood is adult and has already been pruned, then you can cut it sooner or later.
- The evergreen shrub in the pot tolerates a haircut of any intensity, even a strong pruning does not harm the plant. The formation should be in accordance with your wishes for the silhouette of the bush.
- To slow the growth of a bush in a pot, young shoots can be pinched at the tips - a useful effect will also be that after this procedure the crown of the plant will become thicker.
Advice! So that pruning does not harm the health of the shrub, at least 2 pairs of leaves should be left on the shoots of boxwood in a pot.
As a rule, boxwood in an apartment grows very slowly, but sometimes it still has to be transplanted to another container.
- It is recommended to transplant only if necessary, after the root system of the plant completely envelops the substrate in the existing pot. On average, it takes about 3 years, respectively, and it is necessary to transplant the shrub with this frequency. The exception is dwarf boxwood bonsai, it is better not to transplant them at all, so as not to harm the plants.
- It is necessary to carry out a transplant from pot to pot in spring or summer - during the period when the plant is actively growing. The bush should not be replanted in the fall, and even more so in the winter, at which time the boxwood stays in a “sleeping” state and does not take root well in the new place.
- In order to avoid damage to the root system of the plant, it is necessary to transplant it together with an old earthen lump. You can remove only the top layer of the old soil, but you don’t need to touch the ground around the roots.
The new pot should be slightly larger than the previous one - a maximum of 2-3 cm in diameter. It must be remembered that the ornamental bush is growing slowly, and too spacious capacity and a large amount of undeveloped soil harm the plant.
Protection against diseases and pests
Boxwood is much less susceptible to diseases and pests than shrubs living in open ground. This is natural, since a home microclimate by definition reduces the likelihood of infection by a fungus or insect.
However, even in a house, a plant can suffer from ailments and pests.
- Boxwood diseases arise mainly due to improper care - waterlogging of the soil, especially in winter, drying out of the soil, and insufficient spraying.
- Against the background of all of the above, root rot, leaf wilting and weakening of shoots may develop.
- Due to serious errors in the care, boxwood can even completely discard the foliage, and it is likely that it will not be possible to restore it.
To protect the shrub from ailments, recommendations for growing a plant in a pot need to be fully implemented. It is necessary to observe the frequency of watering, do not forget to humidify the air in the room, do not allow excessive decrease or increase in temperature. Do not neglect the periodic top dressing of boxwood in the pot, they strengthen its resistance to ailments.
Of the pests for indoor boxwood, the most dangerous are scale insects and spider mites. To prevent infection of the shrub, it is necessary to carry out regular spraying and from time to time to inspect its leaves for harmful insects. With an average infection of boxwood in a pot with pests, it is enough to wash the leaves of the shrub with ordinary soapy water, in case of a serious pest infection, you can use insecticidal gardening products.
Important! Boxwood fireworm, which poses the greatest threat to street bushes, rarely affects indoor plants. However, the decorative bush on the balcony, on the loggia or on the terrace can be infected - you need to monitor its health especially carefully.
Boxwood wintering in a pot
Evergreen boxwood is a heat-loving plant, so it tolerates wintering in indoor conditions much better and easier than in open ground. However, there are some nuances here too - the temperature of boxwood in winter is still required to be lowered. Ideal for wintering are considered rooms with a temperature of no higher than 5-10 ° C, if necessary, the bush in the pot can be left for the winter at a temperature of 12-16 ° C, but not higher.
It is best to clean the pot with the plant in the winter on a glazed balcony or loggia. Thus, the plant will receive the necessary low temperatures, but will remain protected from wind and snow. Boxwood watering in winter should be reduced by about 2 times, the plant needs less water, and the soil dries more slowly at low temperatures. At the same time, natural lighting should remain quite plentiful; if possible, boxwood is recommended to be placed on a balcony with windows on the south, west or east side of the world.
Boxwood reproduction in room conditions
Even in a single copy the boxwood for the house looks very attractive. But even more spectacular are several shrubs arranged around the apartment. Buying expensive seedlings to increase the boxwood population is optional, the plant can be propagated independently from the existing bush.
It is best to use the cuttings method. To do this, you must:
- in spring or early summer, cut several cuttings from an adult plant up to 7 cm in length, it is better to choose shoots that have already begun to woody at the base;
- remove the lower leaflets from the cuttings;
- hold shoots in water with a growth stimulator throughout the day, and then deepen into a substrate from the ground mixed with sand, and cover with a cellophane film.
With a high level of humidity and regular ventilation, the cuttings will give roots in just a month. After that, they can be transplanted into larger containers and gradually grow to young shrubs.
If necessary, for indoor boxwood, you can use the seed method of reproduction, however, in practice it is used very rarely. It is much more difficult to take care of boxwood from seeds, besides seedlings grow slowly and do not enter soon into a state of complete decorativeness.
Boxwood at home in a pot can be grown without much difficulty if there is sufficient natural light and a closed balcony where the plant can winter. You need to take care of the plant carefully, but subject to the basic rules, indoor shrubs will delight you with elegant shapes and a bright green color.